Following successful cooling, polyvinyl chloride (PCV) film can then be utilized as an interim cover before hospitalization. In this case, people knowledgeable about its proper usage should apply it. However, before that, healthcare providers should already determine the actual cause of the blocked blood vessels. Blocked blood vessels may develop because of a past surgery or illness. This is why only after a thorough medical examination should a doctor order for a hospitalization.
The burn injury pathway involves four steps: inflammation, irritation, thermal and capillary permeation. Inflammation is often associated with tissue damage. Signs and symptoms include redness, warmth, swelling, pain and tenderness. Other symptoms include allergic reactions, such as itching and respiratory symptoms, such as difficulty breathing and congestion.
The first step is to stop the bleeding, so that antibiotics are administered. Then the area is prepared for plasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is then applied on the area. This is done after a tourniquet is placed on top of the burn injury. After the tourniquet is removed, the area is cleaned and a dressing is applied on the wound.
After the initial wound healing phase is completed, the plasticized polyvinyl chloride dressing is replaced over the burnt area. To maintain this, additional treatments may be required. In some cases, additional treatments may also be necessary as the wound responds to the plasticized polyvinyl chloride, which may cause blistering or ulceration of the area. Dressing changes every seven days.
Plasticised topical gels are applied to the area before the application of the temporary dressing. This helps to cover up the pain as well as to keep the area soft, allowing more rapid healing. The burns unit doctor may prescribe antibiotics if no suitable antibiotic was found during the initial examination. If antibiotics are required, the dressing will be changed at the end of the treatment period. It is important to keep the plasticized polyvinyl chloride dressings as dry as possible, as moisture can weaken the adhesive, causing it to loosen and eventually fall off.
In many instances, the initial wound-care process will involve waiting for the wounds to heal. For this reason, the burns patient will be admitted to the emergency medical facility, where doctors and burn unit staff can help with the initial wound-care process. Medications and treatments are provided, including antibiotics if required. Once fully healed, the patient can return home and can resume normal daily activities.